Geography and location

The Philippines' 7,107 islands stretch 1,839 kilometers from the northernmost tip of Batanes to the southernmost island of Tawi-Tawi. Bordered by the South China Sea to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east the archipelago has its biggest island, Luzon, followed by Mindanao in the south. The Visayas islands in between are largely interspersed by small bodies of water. An irregular coastline of 334.539 km is dotted with many fine beaches, coves, and natural harbors.

Located off the southeast coast of Asia, the Philippines' capital, Manila, is a mere hour-and-a-half away by plane from Hong Kong and about 14 hours from the United States and Canada and 11,5 hours direct flight from Europe.


People

The warmth and natural hospitality of the nations' more than 110 million Filipinos is known throughout the world. The 111 cultural, linguistic and racial groups endow the Filipino people with varying customs and traditions, marked by Chinese, American, and Spanish overtones. In spite of their diversity, Filipinos have basically two dominant traits: a love of family and a strong religious faith.


Type of Government

A Republic form of government with three equal branches -- the Executive, Legislative, and Judiciary


Head of State

President Rodrigo Roa Duterte (term: 2016- 2022)


Land area

More than 7.000 islands and islets account for almost 300.000 square kilometers


Capital

Manila - Population ~ 1,8 Million (2015)


Geographic divisions

It has three major island groups: Luzon, the largest island where the capital is located; Visayas, known for its fine beaches and idyllic coves; Mindanao, where exotic forest make it an irresistible haven for nature lovers.


Population of the Philippines

More than 110.000.000 (estimate 2017)


Climate

The dry, hot season runs from March to May and the wet, typhoon season from June to October. November to February is generally cool with fair weather. Average daytime temperature, aside from mountain areas, is 22.2 C to 3l.6 C with humidity at 77 percent.


National languages

The national language is Filipino (Tagalog) although there are at least 87 regional dialects. English, widely spoken and understood, is the language used for most business and legal transactions. Hokkien, Cantonese, and Mandarin are spoken by older members of the Filipino-Chinese community.


Literacy rate

93,9%


Religion

At least 80 percent of Filipinos belong to the Roman Catholic faith, where many practices and beliefs are rooted. About 15 percent is Moslem, and these people can be found basically in Mindanao. The rest of the population is made up mostly of smaller Christian denominations and Buddhists.

The Philippines
Some General Information on the Philippines The Philippines